TOHIF brings together a rich range of expertise in the battle against online hate in football. These include examples of emerging research into the topic, guides to addressing the problem, support for victims, and other key resources.

Media Sport, Women and Ireland

Seeing the wood for the trees

This chapter, by TOHIF member Katie Liston & Mary O’Connor, sets the scene for understanding the increasing use of digital media to counteract the under-representation of sportswomen in mass media. The chapter considers the social and cultural issues relevant to the relationship between mediated sport and women. Attention is also given to the 20 x 20 campaign and on the future challenges associated with cultural change required to challenge conformist voices and reframe mediated discoures around women in sport.

Tackling Social Media


Critically Assessing English Football’s Response to Online Racism

This paper, written by TOHIF member, Dr Kilvington and Dr John Price of the University of Sunderland, critically assesses the response of English football’s institutions, organisations, and clubs to the problem of racism on social media. Its findings are based on interviews with key officials from the Professional Footballers’ Association and Kick It Out and with safeguarding and media officers from football clubs across the English Premier League and English Football League. It concludes there are a number of systematic failings undermining or hindering football’s attempts to address this issue including poor coordination, a lack of clear guidelines, ad hoc educational provision, a shortage of resources, and a culture of secrecy at many clubs. This article concludes with some recommendations about how these weaknesses may start to be improved. Critically Assessing English Football’s Response to Online Racism


TOHIF was funded by UKRI-AHRC and the Irish Research Council under the ‘UK-Ireland Collaboration in the Digital Humanities Research Grants Call’ (grant numbers: AH/W001624/1 and IRC/W001624/1).

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